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Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Identification: Chunky. Strong flier. Sits in the top branches of mainly spruces. Calls most of the time with a distinctive 'gyp' sound; well worth getting to know. Red males are easy, females are duller: grey-green and young bird can be quite variable. Some birds can have pale edged to the flight feathers reminscent of Two-barred Crossbill.
Information: Distribution: irruptive, only resident in south and south-east England.
Similar species: Scottish Crossbill is resident in Northern Scotland and is best separated on distribution. Attempts to separate these species from Parrot Crossbill, which is a rarity, should only be attempted with good reference material and very good photographs.